The following is the full obitiuary for Hugh Douglas Berkeley supplied
by the U.S. Army.
Hugh Douglas Berkeley
Class of 1894
Hugh Douglas Berkeley, son of Colonel Edmund and Mary Williams
Berkeley, was born at his family home "Evergreen" in Prince
Williams County, Virginia, the thirteenth child, on the thirteenth
day of July 1871.
His family, prominent in the early life of Virginia, played its
part in military service during the Civil War. The "Berkeley
Regiment" as it was called, had his father, Edmund Berkeley
as its colonel and three of his uncles and an order brother as officers.
At the early age of three, Douglas had his first ride on a horse
and ever after he retained that great love of horses, dogs, hunting
and nature in which he found the greatest pleasure.
His early lessons were learned at a little country school in Virginia.
From there he went to Mr. Blackburn's school for boys in Alexandria,
Virginia; later he went to Mississippi where he received his appointment
to the United States Military Academy in 1889 at the age of Seventeen.
Due to severe eyestrain and a necessary leave of absence, he was
turned back to graduate with the class of 1894. A conscientious
student, he stood high in his class in the subjects in which he
excelled, Mathematics and Engineering.
"Old Berk" as his friends fondly called him was n the surface quiet
and reserved, but underneath there lurked a ready humor, a love
of fun, and, apparently, an unconquerable desire for practical jokes.
He was always a hard worker, with keep affections, and a loyal heart.
As his men were to say of him later in his career, "You will always
get a square deal with the Captain." He had great affection and
respect for the enlisted men, and they returned his faith in them
with service and devotion.
On receiving his appointment as Second Lieutenant of Cavalry, he
joined the 1st Cavalry at Fort Apache, Arizona, and while on this
duty he was in the field against hostile Indians. After Fort Apache
he was stationed at Fort Reno, Oklahoma.
During the Spanish-American War, he served with his regiment in
Cuba until August 1892, being engaged in the Battle of San Juan,
July 1-3, and in the siege of Santiago to July 17, 1898. Returning
to the United States with his Regiment, he was stationed at Fort
Yates, North Dakota and Fort Russell, Wyoming.
He then served as Quartermaster on the United States Army Transport
"Garonne" on his way to the Philippines in 1900. He served as Acting
Regimental Quartermaster and Commissary Officer at Santa Thomas
and Batangus. While on duty in the Philippines, he received his
captaincy, February 22, 1901.
In September 1901, he returned to this country and was on duty
with the 12th Cavalry at Fort Sam Houston and Fort Clark, Texas.
Returning to the Philippines in 1903, he served as Regimental Quartermaster
and as Depot Quartermaster with the 12th Cavalry until, in the spring
of 1905, he came back to the United States to be stationed at Fort
Oglethorpe, Georgia, as Regimental Quartermaster. He was then sent
as Inspecting Quartermaster to Grand Rapids, Michigan in 1908, and
later, was Disbursing Quartermaster and Assistant to the Chief Quartermaster,
Department of Columbia, Portland, Oregon.
Upon relief from this detail, he was assigned to the 15th Cavalry
at Fort Meyer, Virginia, where he served during 1912 and 1913. On
January 1, 1914 he was transferred to the 7th Cavalry at Fort William
McKinley, P. I., to serve with troops. He was stationed at Camp
Stotsenburg, P. I. as Regimental Adjutant for the 7th Cavalry in
1915 and 1916.
When the United States entered the World War, Colonel Berkeley
was stationed at Fort Bliss, Texas, and after brief periods of duty
as an instructor, Reserve Officers' Training Camp, Fort Niagara,
New York, and as mustering officer at Camp Custer, Michigan, he
commanded the 117th Infantry at Camp Sevier, South Carolina, until
April, 1918 and then the 308th Cavalry at Douglas, Arizona, until
September, 1918. After a short course of instruction at the School
of Fire, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, he commanded the 50th Field Artillery
at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, for a brief period of time. Subsequently
he was on recruiting duty as Kansas City, Missouri, and was a student
at the School of the Line and the General Staff School and at the
Army War College.
At his own request, he retired October 19, 1922, after over thirty-three
years' service. He then moved to the Pacific Coast, making his home
at LaJolla, California. He became very much interested in growing
avocados, having a small orchard at Vista, California. Colonel Berkeley
died on December 19, 1936. At his own request his funeral service
was very quiet and simple. According to his wish, ashes were scattered
on the Pacific Ocean he had grown to love so well.
December 5, 1896, Colonel Berkeley married Mary Pearson Bland,
daughter of Judge H. Willys Bland of Reading, Pennsylvania. Mrs.
Berkeley died in May 1936, only eight months before her husband.
Colonel Berkeley was survived by an only daughter, Catherine Bland
Berkeley, three sisters, together with numerous nieces and nephews
and great nieces and nephews and finally a great-great niece.
General Craig, Chief of Staff, wrote of Colonel Berkeley: "An able
Cavalry Officer of fine qualifications and attainments, Colonel
Berkeley rendered many years of loyal service in the Army. Possessing
sound judgment and wide experience, he at all times manifested a
conscientious devotion to duty and performed the various tasks assignment
his with characteristic zeal and efficiency. His death is deeply